Earlier, gold loans had a tenure of one year and were repaid in one bullet repayment along with interest.
Gold-finance companies have seen return on assets rise to 2012 levels of around 4 per cent in financial year 2016-17 because the lenders moved to periodic collection of interest on the loans and lowered product tenures, ratings agency CrisilBSE 0.60 % stated in a note.
“Profitability of gold-loan financiers has surged back to the peak levels seen before the regulatory tightening, starting 2012, eroded returns. Fiscal 2017 saw return on assets zoom to over 4 per cent from 2.5 per cent for fiscal 2014,” the note said.
In early 2014, finance companies had made two major changes to their business models -periodical collection of interest and lowering of product tenures.
Earlier, gold loans had a tenure of one year and were repaid in one bullet repayment along with interest. The borrower had the option to re pay the loan any time before maturity, and over 80 per cent of borrowers repaid the loan be fore six months. Also, loans disbursed now are with tenures of 3-9 months as against 12 months earlier. “This enables gold loan financiers to react swiftly to any decline in gold price,” said Crisil. Additionally , interest accrued on loans with 3-6 months is lower than loans with tenor of 12 months, so interest recovery even through auction has been higher. This is reflected in the fact that large golde loan e companies have seen a 2-5 per cent increase in interest yields in fiscal 2017, compared with the previous year. “A one-year tenured loan with a provision for repayment at any time and without the requirement of periodic interest payment provides high flexibility and convenience,” said Ajit Velonie, director, Crisil Ratings.”The structural change of shorter tenure products being attempted, to an extent, takes away this very convenience that had contributed to the product’s popularity.” While growth in gold loan business will continue to be moderate, efforts by large gold-loan financiers to diversify into other lending se gments will help broad-base business.